2000 was a mountainous year for the Israel-Palestinian conflict. It heralded the start of the current uprising of armed Palestinians targeting mostly unarmed Israeli citizens. It was also a year of seemingly amazing progress as then Israeli PM Ehud Barak took Israel closer than she had ever been to reaching an end of conflict agreement.
There have been numerous debates regarding what Israel really offered in 2000; first at Camp David and then by agreeing to the even more generous Clinton Parameters. Both deals were outrightly rejected by Arafat, without him even making a counter offer.
Palestinians repeatedly claim that the Israeli offer amounted to nothing less than a series of non-contiguous Bantustans preventing any viable Palestinian state.
Dennis Ross was the lead US envoy to the Middle East from 1988-2000. Few people can claim to have been as committed to the cause of peace in the Middle East as much as Dennis Ross has been. In his recent book "The Missing Peace" Ross includes maps depicting the offers that were on the table for the Palestinians.
Palestinian Characterisation of the Final Proposal at Camp David.
This map reflects a map proposed by the Israelis early at Camp David, but it innacurately depicts Israeli security zones carving the WB into three cantons, and includes Israeli settlements in the proposed Palestinian state. Official Palestinians now cite this map as the final offer they turned down at Camp David. (The initial Israeli proposal called for a Palestinian state in 87% of the WB [and 100% of Gaza]. This map shows that state comprising only 83% of that territory.)
Map Reflecting Actual Proposal at Camp David
While no map was presented during the final rounds at Camp David, this map illustrates the parameters of what President Clinton proposed and Arafat rejected: Palestinian control over 91% of the West Bank in contiguous territory [and 100% of Gaza] and an Israeli security presence along 15% of the border with Jordan. This map actually understates the final Camp David proposal because it does not depict the additional territorial swap of 1% that was offered from Israel territory.
Finally, this map reflects the Clinton Ideas of December 2000. These ideas were accepted by Israel but were rejected by the Palestinians.
No formal map was presented to the Israelis and Palestinians in December 2000 by President Clinton, but this map illustrates the Clinton ideas--a Palestinian state in 95% of the West Bank and 100% of Gaza (bringing total territory relinquished by Israel to 97%). This map actually understates the Clinton ideas by not showing and additional 1 to 3% of territorial swaps to the Palestinian state from areas within Israel.
Think about it...the monstrous images captured over the past four years could rather have been sources of wonderment had Arafat just said "Yes".
Stay tuned to It's Almost Supernatural for more details of what was proposed by in the Clinton ideas in term of security, territory, the refugees, and Jerusalem.
You can read my first entry concerning the Dennis Ross book here.